European hornbeam / Carpinus betulus is one of the most adaptive types of hedges. Its leaves shine in autumn in yellow colour, but they do not fall but remain on the branches until spring. They fulfills therefore their function to cover even in winter. Hornbeam has a high regenerative capacity and overall durability, it is resistant to frost and summer heat, too, strong sunlight and wind. In the first year after planting takes root and over ground part grows only a little, later accretes very well. With an adequate cut the height of a hedge could be expected of 1 – 3 m.
Height / Width: 10 – 20 (25 ) m / 7 – 12 m
Annual growth: 25 – 30 cm
Illumination requirements: sunny or shady site
Irrigation requirements: adequate irrigation conditions, it is able to withstand a short-term submersion in water, but not soil waterlogging
Soil conditions: acidic to alkaline fertile soil, sandy and clayey
Maintenance: Tolerates very radical cut to maintain a lower hornbeam hedge, after the cut gets quickly overgrown again. Using a long cut we are able to get the fence till to height of 6 m, but there is necessary to maintain the pyramidal shape of the stand to provide light enough for bottom branches. The cut is done once or twice a year, the first to the end of June, the second by the end of February.